Mahatma Gandhi struggled for our rights and got us our freedom, but how much do we know about the ideas, impulses and compulsions that led to his various social and freedom movements?” says Suresh Sharma, Director-in-charge of National School of Drama (NSD) in Delhi.
To mark the 150th birth anniversary of the Mahatma, Sharma is directing a play, Pehla Satyagrahi, (pictured) with the NSD Repertory Company, of which he is the chief. Written by Ravindra Tripathi, the play traces the evolution of Gandhi from a lawyer in South Africa, who opposed an Act that required Indians to get fingerprinted, to a powerful force behind the Quit India Movement. Sharma, who has played Maulana Azad in Tripurari Sharma’s Azad Maulana and in Poster Boy-Maulana, which he directed, is tackling Gandhi for the first time. Excerpts from an
The Other Gandhi
Today’s generation does not know that Indians were asked to give the prints of all 10 fingers in South Africa, as if they were criminals. We have an idea about the Dandi March and Champaran but do we know what were the events that prompted Gandhi to take these steps? The play revisits the stories of these movements as well as sheds light on how Gandhiji adopted the charkha and the philosophy of the three monkeys.
Connecting the Dots
The episodes in Gandhi’s life are connected by songs and symbols such as the charkha. We use the device of narration to reveal the story. The play does not emphasise only the past. In Gandhi’s act of cleaning toilets and streets of dirt, we are reminded that the present movement for swachhata is not new.
We were eager to understand little-known facets of Gandhi’s personality so we asked Ravindra Tripathi to write the script, which the cast turned into a play. We have opted for few properties on stage. The storytelling is taken forward with songs, such as Raghupati raghav and Vande Mataram as well as a Baul piece when we show Gandhi during the riots at Noakhali in West Bengal.