The fate of hundreds of undocumented children taken from parents remains unclear a day after President Donald Trump moved to roll back his policy.
He ordered on Wednesday that the children be held with their parents while they are detained on charges of crossing the border illegally.
But under US law, migrant children cannot be detained more than 20 days by immigration officials.
Melania Trump has visited a child immigration detention centre in Texas.
Her surprise visit to a federally funded facility that houses dozens of children from Honduras and El Salvador in McAllen, Texas, came as her husband’s administration seeks to quell the firestorm over migrant family separations.
US officials have expressed mixed messages about what happens next to at least 2,300 children taken from their parents since 5 May after entering the country without documentation.
While the adults are held in custody pending court appearances, the children are being sent to holding cells, converted warehouses and desert tents under the “zero tolerance” policy introduced in April.
What does Trump’s executive order say?
The president’s executive order says adults who illegally enter the US with children still face prosecution. It also calls for:
- Immigrant families to be detained together while their legal cases are considered
- Expediting immigration cases involving families
- Agencies, including the Pentagon, to construct facilities or make existing facilities available “for the housing and care of alien families”
Is there a time limit on detentions?
If the administration wants to detain migrant families together indefinitely while their cases churn through the legal system, it will need Congress or the courts to change the existing rules.
Under a 1997 ruling, the Flores settlement, undocumented children can be detained for no longer than 20 days by US immigration officials.
Mr Trump’s executive order requests the modification of this judgement.
But analysts say it is unlikely the limit on detaining minors can be overturned within the next 20 days.
When will new policy take effect?
The New York Times reported that Gene Hamilton, a counsellor to Attorney General Jeff Sessions, mentioned an “implementation phase”.
But an official for a division of the US Department of Health said no special effort would be made to reunite families already separated.
Ken Wolfe was speaking for the Administration of Children and Families (ACF), which oversees where children are placed after they are separated from their parents.
He was later contradicted by Brian Marriott, senior communications director of the ACF, who said Mr Wolfe “misspoke”.
US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) said in a statement on Thursday it was taking “immediate steps” to implement the president’s order and reunite the families.
‘I never heard from my son’
Guatemalan undocumented immigrant Beata Mejia Mejia is suing the US government for allegedly violating her human rights when they took away her son, Darwin, after she crossed the US border.
After nearly two weeks in detention in Arizona she says she asked for her son and was given a phone number.
“I rang and rang and they never answered,” she says, “I never heard from my son.”
She told the BBC she was finally allowed to speak to him by phone after being freed on bail paid for by her lawyers on 15 June once her asylum bid was allowed to go ahead.
“I sensed he was very sad,” she says. “Like all mothers, I know my children, and I felt he’s not well.”
Abuse allegations surface
Immigrant children held in a detention centre in Virginia say they were handcuffed, beaten, left nude in concrete cells and strapped to chairs with bags over their heads, the Associated Press reported.
The Shenandoah Valley Juvenile Center denies the allegations.
According to another lawsuit, migrant children say they were forcibly administered drugs at the Shiloh Treatment Center near Houston, Texas.
Children were allegedly made to take psychiatric medications, which were presented as vitamins.
What will happen to new arrivals?
CBP said that “family unity will be maintained for families apprehended crossing the border illegally, and they will be transferred together to US Immigration and Customs Enforcement”.
But there is only a current capacity of 3,335 beds in family detention centres run by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, according to the federal budget figures.
Some 420 parents and children are crossing the US-Mexico border every day, according to CBP data cited by NBC News.